A. àÃÒãªé past (Í´Õµ¡ÒÅ àªè¹ arrived / saw / was ÏÅÏ) ¡ÑºàÇÅÒ·Õè¨ºÊÔé¹ä»áÅéÇ (yesterday / last / week ÏÅÏ)
past simple + àÇÅÒ·Õè¨ºÊÔé¹ä»áÅéÇ
ÍÂèÒãªé present perfect (»Ñ¨¨ØºÑ¹¡ÒÅÊÁºÙÃ³ì àªè¹ have arrived / have done / have been ÏÅÏ) ¡ÑºàÇÅÒ·Õè
· I saw Patty yesterday. (äÁèãªè ‘I have seen’)
· Where were you on Sunday afternoon? (äÁèãªè ‘We haven’t had’)
· We didn’t have a holiday last year. (äÁèãªè ‘We haven’t had)
· ‘what did you do last night? ‘I stayed at home.’
· William Shakespeare lived from 1564 to 1616. He was a writer. He wrote many plays and poems.
ãªé past simple àÁ×èÍ¶ÒÁ When …? ËÃ×Í What time ….? àªè¹
· When did they arrive? (äÁèãªè ‘When have they arrived?)
Present perfect Past simple
· I have lost my key. · I lost my key last week.
· Bill has gone home. · Bill went home ten minutes ago.
· Have you seen Ann? · Did you see Ann on Saturday?
Í´Õµ ¢³Ð¹Õé Í´Õµ ¢³Ð¹Õé
· Have you ever been to Spain? · Did you go to Spain last year?
(= ã¹ªÕÇÔµ¢Í§¤Ø³ ¨¹¶Ö§¢³Ð¹Õé)
· My friend is a writer. He has written many books. · Shakespeare wrote many plays and poems.
The letter hasn’t arrived yet. · The letter didn’t arrive yesterday.
· We’ve lived in Singapore for six years. · We lived in Bangkok for six years but
(= ¢³Ð¹ÕéàÃÒÍÒÈÑÂÍÂÙè·Õè¹Ñè¹) now we live in Singapore.